absence

absence

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of absence in English

English Online Dictionary. What means absence‎? What does absence mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • abs.

Etymology

From Middle English absence, from Old French absence, ausence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (from, away from) + sum (I am).

Pronunciation

  • (General American)
    • IPA(key): /ˈæb.sn̩s/, /ˈæb.sn̩ts/
    • (in the medical sense) IPA(key): /ˈæbsɑns/, /æbˈsɑns/

Noun

absence (usually uncountable, plural absences)

  1. A state of being away or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; the period of being away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Bible and provide title, author's full name, and other details?) Phillipians 2:12
      Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence.
  2. Failure to be present where one is expected, wanted, or needed; nonattendance; deficiency. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
    • 15 September 2018, Barney Ronay, The Guardian, Finely tuned Liverpool are really getting into Jürgen Klopp’s groove:
      Harry Kane was an absence in that first half. He touched the ball 11 times despite Spurs taking 62% of possession.
  3. Lack; deficiency; nonexistence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
    • {{rfdatek|Kent**
      In the absence of conventional law.
  4. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind). [First attested in the early 18th century.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Joseph Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Reflecting on the little absences and distractions of mankind.
    • 1824-1829?, Walter Landor, Imaginary Conversations
      To conquer that abstraction which is called absence.
  5. (medicine) Temporary loss or disruption of consciousness, with sudden onset and recovery, and common in epilepsy. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
  6. (fencing) Lack of contact between blades.

Synonyms

  • missingness

Antonyms

  • (state of being away): presence
  • (lack, deficiency, nonexistence): existence, possession, sufficiency

Derived terms

  • absence makes the heart grow fonder

Related terms

  • absent
  • absentee
  • absenteeism

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • casbene

Czech

Etymology

From French absence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈapsɛnt͡sɛ]

Noun

absence f

  1. absence

Declension

Related terms

  • See esence

Further reading

  • absence in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • absence in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

From French absence.

Noun

absence c (singular definite absencen, plural indefinite absencer)

  1. (medicine) petit mal

Inflection

Synonyms

  • petit mal

References

  • “absence” in Den Danske Ordbog

French

Etymology

From Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ap.sɑ̃s/

Noun

absence f (plural absences)

  1. absence (state of being absent or withdrawn)

Further reading

  • “absence” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle English

Etymology

From Old French absence, ausence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /abˈsɛns(ə)/

Noun

absence (plural absences)

  1. Being away or elsewhere; absence.
  2. Nonattendance or nonexistence; failure to appear.

Related terms

  • absent

Descendants

  • English: absence
  • Scots: absence

References

  • Stratmann, Francis Henry; Henry Bradley (First published 1891) A Dictionary of Middle English[1], London: Oxford University Press, published 1954, page 3

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.