ab

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ab in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ab‎? What does ab mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /æb/
  • Rhymes: -æb

Etymology 1

Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.

Noun

ab (plural abs)

  1. (informal) abdominal muscle. [Mid 20th century.]
    • 2006, H. Peter Steeves, The Things Themselves (page 75)
      The bikinied models in most of the ESPN2 shows have abs. Many of the malnourished bikinied models in the commercials have visible rib cages. How did the two get conflated into a shared vision of beauty?
    • 2010, Bill Geiger, "6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks", Reps! 17:106
      When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group [] .
Usage notes

Most often used attributively. Substantive use is more common in the plural form abs.

Translations

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of abscess.

Noun

ab (plural abs)

  1. (slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin.
Translations

Etymology 3

Abbreviations.

Verb

ab (third-person singular simple present abs, present participle abbing, simple past and past participle abbed)

  1. (climbing, informal) To abseil.
    • 1998, Climbing (issues 178-180, page 22)
      I had a climbing rope in my pack, set up an abseil with it, and abbed down to him.
  2. Abbreviation of abort.

Noun

ab

  1. Abbreviation of abortion.

Preposition

ab

  1. Abbreviation of about.

Adverb

ab

  1. Abbreviation of about.

Etymology 4

From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.

Noun

ab (plural abs)

  1. (US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start.

References

  • “ab” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN.
  • "ab" in Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 2002.
  • “ab” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.

Anagrams

  • -ba-, B.A., BA, ba, ba'

Aynu

Etymology

Borrowed from Persian آب(āb).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑb/

Noun

ab

  1. water

References

  • Otto Ladstätter, Andreas Tietze, Die Abdal (Äynu) in Xinjiang (1994)

Azerbaijani

Etymology

From Persian آب(āb).

Noun

ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)

  1. (Classical Azerbaijani) water
    Synonym: su

Declension

Derived terms

  • ab-hava (atmosphere) (figurative)

Blagar

Noun

ab

  1. fish

References

  • A. Schapper (citing Steinhauer), Elevation in the spatial deictic systems of Alor-Pantar languages, in The Alor-Pantar languages: History and Typology, edited by Marian Klamer
  • ASJP, citing L. C. Robinson and G. Holton, Internal classification of the Alor-Pantar language family using computational methods applied to the lexicon (2012)

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ap/
  • (Before a voiced consonant or a vowel) IPA(key): /ab/
  • (Before a voiced consonant or a vowel in betacist dialects) IPA(key): /aβ/

Preposition

ab

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of amb

Danish

Etymology 1

From Latin ab (of, from).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ab/, [ɑb̥]

Preposition

ab

  1. ex (out of, sold from)
  2. from (with the origin in time)

Etymology 2

See abe (to ape, mimic).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /aːb/, [æːˀb̥]

Verb

ab

  1. imperative of abe

Further reading

  • “ab” in Den Danske Ordbog

East Central German

Particle

ab

  1. (Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesia) negative particle, do not

East Yugur

Etymology

From Proto-Mongolic *ab-, compare Mongolian авах (avah).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /abqʰə/, [aβqʰə]

Verb

ab

  1. to take

German

Pronunciation

  • (Germany) IPA(key): /ap/, /ɑp/
  • (Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian) IPA(key): /ɑb̥/
  • Rhymes: -ap

Etymology 1

From Old High German ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Preposition

ab

  1. Beginning at that time or location; from.
    Ab heute verfügbar.
    Available from today.
Derived terms
  • ab und zu

Etymology 2

From adverbial use of the preposition in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc.

Adjective

ab

  1. (colloquial, predicative) off; not attached to anything anymore
    Der Arm ist ab.
    The arm is (hewn) off.
  2. (nonstandard, attributive) off; not attached to anything anymore
    Der abbe Arm ist verschwunden.
    The (hewn) off arm has disappeared.
Usage notes
  • The predicative use is common in colloquial German throughout the country.
  • The attributive forms are mostly used in Western and Northern Germany and are considerably less common than the predicative use. They used to be used mostly jocularly, but become gradually more frequent since they are much shorter than the appropriate full verb forms such as abgetrennt (disconnected, severed).
  • The inflected attributive forms retain the devoiced consonant. Hence, sometimes they are spelled with p, rather than b: Appes Bein.

Related terms

  • abseits

Interlingua

Preposition

ab

  1. from

Irish

Etymology 1

From Latin abbas (father), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אַבָּא(’abbā, father).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /abˠ/

Noun

ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
Declension
Coordinate terms
  • (gender): ban-ab, máthairab
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /əbˠ/

Particle

ab

  1. Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound).
  2. Alternative form of an
Related terms

Mutation

Further reading

  • "ab" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “ab” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “ab” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

K'iche'

Noun

ab

  1. hammock; steam; mist

References

  • Allen J. Christenson, Kʼiche-English dictionary, page 7

Kein

Noun

ab

  1. fire

Further reading

  • Johannes A. Z'Graggen, The Madang-Adelbert Range Sub-Phylum (1975) (as ʌb)
  • Bemal Organized Phonology Data (as ab)

Latin

Alternative forms

  • ā (not used before a vowel or h)
  • abs
  • af (archaic)

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo (off, away) (English off, of and after). See also po-.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ab/
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ab/

Preposition

ab (+ ablative)

  1. from, away from, out of
  2. down from
  3. at, on, in
  4. (time) after, since
  5. (source of action or event) by, of

Usage notes

Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent:

References

  • ab in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ab in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
  • Latin Dictionary, Lewis and Short, 1879.
  • Lingua Latina, Hans H. Ørberg, 2005.

Latvian

Conjunction

ab

  1. (archaic) or

Synonyms

  • vai

Preposition

ab

  1. (archaic) around

Synonyms

  • ap

Livonian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑb/

Noun

a'b

  1. (anatomy) shoulder
    • Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA
      pǟ um abūd vaisõ sizzõl viedtõd
      recoiled, flinched (lit. "head is drawn in shoulders")

Usage notes

LĒL also features a partitive plural form with -īdi as in the example abīdi nustõ "to shrug."

Declension


Middle Irish

Alternative forms

  • aband, abann

Etymology

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū.

Noun

ab f (genitive aba)

  1. river

Descendants

  • Irish: abha, abhainn
  • Manx: awin
  • Scottish Gaelic: abhainn

Mutation


Occitan

Alternative forms

  • amb
  • dab (Gascon)
  • damb (Gascon, Aranese)
  • ambé (Provençal)
  • embé (Provençal, Niçard)

Etymology

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈab]

Preposition

ab

  1. (Guardiol) with

Old French

Etymology

Reduced form of Latin apud.

Preposition

ab

  1. (10th century) with

Synonyms

  • avoec (used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods)

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ab.

Preposition

ab

  1. of

Old Occitan

Etymology

Reduced form of Latin apud

Preposition

ab

  1. with

Descendants

  • Catalan: amb
  • Occitan: amb

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German ab, Dutch af, English off.

Preposition

ab

  1. off
  2. from
  3. away

Pumpokol

Noun

ab

  1. father

Romani

Noun

ab m (plural ab)

  1. river

Scottish Gaelic

Noun

ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. Alternative form of aba

Turkish

Etymology 1

From Ottoman Turkish آب(āb, water), from Persian آب(āb).

Noun

ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)

  1. (obsolete, poetic) water

Etymology 2

From Ottoman Turkish عاب(ˁāb), from Arabic عَاب(ʿāb).

Noun

ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)

  1. (obsolete) defect, flaw, imperfection

Declension


Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from German aber (but).

Conjunction

ab

  1. but

Wolof

Article

ab

  1. a/an (singular indefinite article)

Usage notes

Precedes the noun.

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.